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Productive Failure May Benefit Long-Term Learning

Updated: May 5, 2023

What is the best way to learn music? Dr. Noa Kageyama from The Bulletproof Musician shares research on how direct instruction, or the "tell-show-do" model can benefit short-term performance, while productive failure or learning through mistakes with little guidance can be most effective for long-term learning. Kageyama highlights how experience and mistakes help students "cultivate a deeper understanding of the fundamental principles and various ways of arriving at a solution even at the expense of short-term performance." Teachers from the study also shared that productive failure allowed students to have ownership and engagement in their learning.

Learn more long-term learning benefits from Dr. Kageyama's podcast, Productive Failure: Why Early Floundering Leads to Better Learning.

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